Let's Talk CBD
CBD is everywhere. It has transformed the wellness industry and is popular among those looking for relief from a variety of different ailments including pain, inflammation, anxiety or depression. But what exactly is this mysterious product that just popped up overnight and is it just a fad or are there some serious health benefits? Before we dive in to all the nitty gritty details of CBD, I want you to understand a few key definitions that will help you understand what exactly CBD is and where it comes from:
Cannabis: A family of plants separated into two primary classifications: Indica and Sativa.
Hemp: A non-psychoactive variety of the cannabis sativa species.
Marijuana: A psychoactive variety of both the cannabis sativa and cannabis indica plants, that contains both THC and CBD.
Cannabinoid: Not to be used interchangeably with CBD, cannabinoids are the class of diverse chemical compounds found in the cannabis plants. There are many cannabinoids found in cannabis, most popularly THC and CBD.
THC: Tetrahydrocannabinol is the chemical component of cannabis responsible for the psychoactive component or “high” associated with it.
CBD: Cannabidiol is a chemical component of cannabis that is non-psychoactive.
What is it
CBD (i.e. Cannabidiol) is a naturally occurring, non-psychoactive component of the cannabis plant that can be extracted and used in various forms such as oils, salves, tinctures, and balms. Unlike THC (i.e. tetrahydrocannabinol) CBD will NOT get you “high” or have any other hallucinogenic or mind-altering effects. However, CBD still has the medicinal benefits of cannabis which can:
· Reduce chronic pain
· Reduce inflammation
· Decrease symptoms of depression and anxiety
· Improve sleep
· Limit episodes of epilepsy
· Relieve nausea
· Reduce effects of arthritis
· Decrease headaches and migraines
How Does It Work
Now that you understand the benefits of CBD oil and how it does not produce the mind-altering effects associated with Marijuana, let’s explore how exactly CBD works in the body. The human body has two different receptors, CB1 and CB2, that responds to Cannabinoids. The CB1 receptors are mainly in the brain and central nervous system while the CB2 receptors are mainly present in the immune system and gastrointestinal tract. When CBD binds to these receptors, certain effects are produced in the body. For example, when CBD binds to the CB1 receptors in the brain, it can relieve pain or improve mood. When CBD binds to CB2 receptors, it can often relieve gastrointestinal discomfort and decrease general inflammation.
Is It Safe
As long as the CBD product you are purchasing has come from a high-quality source and is ethically manufactured, CBD is safe and nontoxic. As with any substance you take internally, always do your research about the company and when in doubt talk to your primary physician. Since CBD in non-toxic, you cannot overdose on it. Some common minor side effects of CBD are reported by some people such as drowsiness, dry mouth, or fatigue. CBD may interefere with some medications such as blood thinners so talk to your doctor first!